Basic information
Original title:
Gospodarsko-socialni položaj prebivalstva na Slovenskem na prehodu iz fevdalizma v kapitalizem
Researchers involved:
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Andrej Studen PhD
1 February 2008–30 January 2011
J6-0093 (B)

The study will examine the economic and social conditions in the Slovenian part of the Habsburg monarchy during transition from feudalism to capitalism. The main studied period will be the one between the end of Illyric provinces in 1813 and the stock market breakdown in 1873. The essential focus will be on the economic and social changes, caused by the transition from one political and economic system to the other. The multi-layered impact of a predominantly rural society's transition into the post-feudal or pre-industrial and industrial society will interest us from the perspective of the majority rural population, as well as from the perspective of the emerging proletariat. Economic and social changes will be demonstrated by a series of case studies. Individual studies will examine (a) economic causes for the deterioration of the rural population's situation, (b) economic effects of railway network construction and its impact on industrialization, with special focus on the role of Slovenian businessmen, (c) social consequences of transition on the example of a large increase in alcohol consumption, (d) hygienic conditions of city and rural proletariat and (e) medico-social changes on the example of transformation of the public healthcare network due to the extinction of the healer profession and the establishment of "bratovske skladnice" (fraterneties' funds) as a new form of medico-social care to meet the needs of the emerging industrial workers' class. The research will be predominantly based on archival material of the state, provincial, district and communal level, held by the Slovenian and Austrian archives. Other sources such as topographies, administrative indexes (šematizmi) and newspapers will, among others, contribute to the study. Due to the fact that the Slovenian historiography until the present did not study economic and even more social history of the first capitalist transition, the research will have an essential impact on this segment of history of the 19th century. Moreover, it will raise interest in social and economic history that is, compared to political history, under-represented in the Slovenian historiography.

Lead partner

Project manager at ZRC

Funded by

Slovenian research agency

Fields of research

Contemporary history (circa 1800 to 1914) H240 • Social and economic history H270 


capitalism • 19th century • Habsburg monarchy • Slovenians • social history • economic history • social history of medicine